Speeches, essays, articles, letters, leaflets, trials, interviews, monographs and periodicals written by leaders within the black community from 1700 to 2005. Over 100,000 pages illustrate the evolution of what it means to "be black." Authors include teachers, artists, politicians, religious leaders, athletes, war veterans, and entertainers. Find influences and read history in their words. The collection begins with the words of Frederick Douglass and includes the writings of W.E.B. Du Bois, Carter G. Woodson, Alain Locke, Paul Robeson, Booker T. Washington, Malcolm X, Marcus Garvey, Langston Hughes, Muhammad Ali, Sammy Davis, Jr., Ida B. Wells, Nikki Giovanni, Mary McLeod Bethune, Carl Rowan, Roy Wilkens, James Weldon Johnson, Audre Lorde, Thurgood Marshall, A. Philip Randolph, Constance Baker Motley, J. Saunders Redding, Sojourner Truth, Walter F. White, Amiri Baraka, Ralph Ellison, Martin Luther King, Jr., Richard Wright, Angela Davis, Jesse Jackson, Bobby Seale, Rosa Parks, Gwendolyn Brooks, Huey P. Newton, Dizzy Gillespie, Butterfly McQueen, Charles Mingus and a long list of others.

Approximately 20% of the content is previously unpublished and fugitive, such as the recovered transcript of the Muhammad Ali trial; a full run of The Black Panther newspaper, with full-color images of every page as well as searchable text; and 2,500 pages of Panther oral histories owned by the Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation, published as text and also with selected audio files here for the first time.

Provides a great variety of search tools: as well as searching by author, title, subject, or full-text, you can also search by personal event, historical event, nationality, occupation, religion, etc.

E-Book(s),  Manuscript 
Resource is available on-campus or off-campus via EZProxy; Click the resource name to access it or here for off-campus instructions.
Full text is available.