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Assassinations

  • . Born in Washington, D.C., Scott Breckinridge earned his undergraduate and law degrees from the University of Kentucky. Commissioned as an officer in the U.S. Navy in 1942, he served on ships in the North and South Atlantic, commanding the corvette USS Saucy and a task force protecting convoys against German U-boats. After the war he joined his brother, the late Congressman John B. Breckinridge, in the practice of law in Lexington, Kentucky. In 1953 he joined the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) serving in various capacities over a 26-year career. For three years he was the CIA's briefing officer for the White House staff. He served two years as liaison with the Australian intelligence services. For sixteen years he was on the staff of CIA's Inspector General, the last six of which were as Deputy Inspector General. Twice he received the CIA's highest award, the Distinguished Intelligence Medal. At the time of his retirement, he was one of only thirteen individuals to have received the award more than once. He was Assistant Secretary General of the Society of the Cincinnati, a member of the Kentucky Historical Society and Filson Club boards of directors, and on the Executive Committee of the American Fencing Coaches Association and was First Vice President of the Amateur Fencers League of America. He was the author of two published works, The CIA and the Cold War: a memoir (1993) and The CIA and the U.S. intelligence system (1986). This collection (Accession #2007MS63) consists of correspondence with former CIA colleagues and administrators, family history, photographs of the USS Saucy and crew as well as reports documenting his naval career, scrapbooks and photographic slides on the Vietnam War, publications by other authors with Breckinridge's annotations, family history, files pertaining to the Society of the Cincinnati, Kentucky Historical Society, Filson Club, drafts of his manuscripts, family history and genealogy, photographs, and scrapbooks pertaining to assassinations. This collection is in process. For more information contact the Public Policy archivist in Special Collections at the University of Kentucky Libraries. See also the interviews with Breckinridge (Accession #88OH216 WW104 and #88OH217 WW105) regarding his World War II experiences located in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History.
  • . Cooper served in the Kentucky General Assembly (1927-1929); Pulaski County Judge, (1930-1938); U.S. Senate (1946-1948, 1952-1954, and 1956-1972); U.S. Ambassador to India and Nepal (1955-1956); and first U.S. Ambassador to East Germany (1974-1976). This primary source material (Accession #80M1) consists of correspondence, newspaper clippings, reports, printed material, county government documents, photographs, scrapbooks, audio-visual material, and memorabilia. Cooper was appointed to the Warren Commission by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, and the collection contains files pertaining to that investigation. See also the interviews with Cooper in the John Sherman Cooper Oral History Project in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History in the University of Kentucky Libraries in which he discusses his work on the Warren Commission.
  • . This collection (Microfilm Accession #50M121) consists of Kentucky Governor William Goebel's letters to his brothers, Arthur and Justus. The letters discuss the 1899 elections (primary and general), political issues of the 1890s, and family news. Goebel ran for governor in 1899. His Republican opponent, William S. Taylor, was certified the winner in a close race. The Democrats appealed the election results to the Kentucky General Assembly. Goebel was shot in front of the state capitol before a decision had been reached. Knowing that a victory by his opponent was imminent, Governor Taylor ordered the legislature to adjourn and meet in London, Kentucky. He further sought to prevent the Democratic members from assembling elsewhere in Frankfort. Nevertheless, the Democratic majority did meet and declare Goebel the winner. The dying man was sworn in, along with his lieutenant governor, J.C.W. Beckham. When Goebel died four days later, Beckham succeeded him. The collection contain letters to William Goebel from his constituents, newspaper clippings about the assassination, letters of condolence sent to the family, and announcements for monument fundraisers. The microfilm is available in the Special Collections Library.
  • Walter D. Huddleston Collection, 1926-1985. Huddleston, a Democrat, served in the Kentucky State Senate (1965-1972) and the U.S. Senate (1972-1984). He won broad bipartisan respect from both political parties and built his reputation for effectiveness through quiet, hard work, preferring efforts in committee and personal interaction and persuasion to grandstanding. Republican Majority Leader Howard Baker described Huddleston as one of the Senate's ten most effective members. In his first term, he was asked to serve on the Church Committee that investigated intelligence activities and led to the formation of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the creation of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) Court. Huddleston was reappointed to the Intelligence Committee in every Congress in which he served. During that period, he authored legislation giving Congress statutory oversight authority of the nation's intelligence efforts. He also served as Vice Chair of the Select Committee on Undercover Activities. Huddleston became a member of the Appropriations Committee in 1975, serving on the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee which oversaw virtually all military spending including major weapon systems. See also the oral history interviews with Walter D. Huddleston in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History.