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Cold War

  • . Barkley, a Democrat, served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1913-1927, the U.S. Senate from 1927-1949, and again from 1955-1956, and as Vice President of the United States from 1949-1953. This collection consists of correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, scrapbooks, printed material, audio-visual material, and memorabilia. A complete box and folder inventory to this collection is forthcoming. Barkley served as Vice President during the Korean War. See also the Alben W. Barkley Oral History Project, located in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History at the University of Kentucky Libraries.
  • . Born in Washington, D.C., Scott Breckinridge earned his undergraduate and law degrees from the University of Kentucky. Commissioned as an officer in the U.S. Navy in 1942, he served on ships in the North and South Atlantic, commanding the corvette USS Saucy and a task force protecting convoys against German U-boats. After the war he joined his brother, the late Congressman John B. Breckinridge, in the practice of law in Lexington, Kentucky. In 1953 he joined the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) serving in various capacities over a 26-year career. For three years he was the CIA's briefing officer for the White House staff. He served two years as liaison with the Australian intelligence services. For sixteen years he was on the staff of CIA's Inspector General, the last six of which were as Deputy Inspector General. Twice he received the CIA's highest award, the Distinguished Intelligence Medal. At the time of his retirement, he was one of only thirteen individuals to have received the award more than once. He was Assistant Secretary General of the Society of the Cincinnati, a member of the Kentucky Historical Society and Filson Club boards of directors, and on the Executive Committee of the American Fencing Coaches Association and was First Vice President of the Amateur Fencers League of America. He was the author of two published works, The CIA and the Cold War: a memoir (1993) and The CIA and the U.S. intelligence system (1986). This collection (Accession #2007MS63) consists of correspondence with former CIA colleagues and administrators, family history, photographs of the USS Saucy and crew as well as reports documenting his naval career, scrapbooks and photographic slides on the Vietnam War, publications by other authors with Breckinridge's annotations, family history, files pertaining to the Society of the Cincinnati, Kentucky Historical Society, Filson Club, drafts of his manuscripts, family history and genealogy, photographs, and scrapbooks pertaining to assassinations. This collection is in process. For more information contact the Public Policy archivist in Special Collections at the University of Kentucky Libraries. See also the interviews with Breckinridge (Accession #88OH216 WW104 and #88OH217 WW105) regarding his World War II experiences located in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History.
  • . Clements, a Democrat, served in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1945-1947; as governor of Kentucky, 1947-1950; and as U.S. Senator from 1950-1956 (Acting Majority Leader 1955-1956). The collection (Accession #76M2, #82M6, #84M2, and #2007MS065) consists of personal, political, and legal papers, as well as political cartoons, photographs, audio-visual material, and memorabilia. During Clements' term in the U.S. Senate, the United States began supplying South Vietnam with military equipment, supplies and training, and there are records in the Collection that reflect this effort. He also served at the time of Sen. Joseph McCarthy's investigations into communist infiltration of the U.S. government and society, as well as during the Korean War. Click here to read the text of a radio speech on the Korean War given by Senator Clements. See also the Earle C. Clements Oral History Project in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History in the University of Kentucky Libraries.
  • . Cooper, a Republican, served in the Kentucky General Assembly (1927-1929); Pulaski County Judge, (1930-1938); U.S. Senate (1946-1948, 1952-1954, and 1956-1972); U.S. Ambassador to India and Nepal (1955-1956); and first U.S. Ambassador to East Germany (1974-1976). The collection (Accession #80M1) consists of correspondence, newspaper clippings, reports, printed material, county government documents, photographs, scrapbooks, audio-visual material, and memorabilia. He became Ambassador to India at a time when the United States was competing with the Soviet Union for influence in that country. While in the U.S. Senate, Cooper voted for the Tonkin Gulf Resolution that led to the military escalation of the United States in Vietnam. He later was cosponsor of the Cooper-Church amendment that sought to end the U.S. military involvement in Vietnam. After his retirement from the Senate, he was appointed the first U.S. Ambassador to East Germany. See also the John Sherman Cooper Oral History Project in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History in the University of Kentucky Libraries.
  • Larry J. Hopkins Collection, 1979-1993. Republican politician and Member of Congress. A U.S. Marine Corps veteran who served during the Korean conflict era, Hopkins (1933- ) was born in Detroit, Michigan. His family moved to Wingo, Kentucky when he was very young, and after graduating from high school and marrying he moved to Lexington, Kentucky. First elected County Clerk in Fayette County, he eventually served in the Kentucky House of Representatives (1972-76) and the state Senate (1976-1978). He defeated the Democratic incumbent, John B. Breckinridge, for Kentucky's Sixth Congressional seat in 1979 and served in the U.S. House of Representatives until 1993. He ran an unsuccessful campaign for governor against the Democrat, Brereton C. Jones, in 1992. This collection (Accession #97MS100) consists of the papers of his Washington, D.C. and Sixth District offices. In Congress, Hopkins served on the Agriculture Committee and the House Armed Services Committee, including the Research and Development Subcommittee and the Investigations Subcommittee. He served on the Armed Services Committee during the investigation of the bombing of the Marine Corps Barracks in Beirut, Lebanon in 1983, was involved in the inspection of Soviet Union chemical weapons plants, and was a Member of Congress during the Persian Gulf War (1990-1991). This collection is available in the Public Policy Archives, located in Special Collections at the University of Kentucky Libraries. See also the oral history interviews with Larry J. Hopkins in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History.
  • Walter D. Huddleston Collection, 1926-1985. Huddleston, a Democrat, served in the Kentucky State Senate (1965-1972) and the U.S. Senate (1972-1984). He won broad bipartisan respect from both political parties and built his reputation for effectiveness through quiet, hard work, preferring efforts in committee and personal interaction and persuasion to grandstanding. Republican Majority Leader Howard Baker described Huddleston as one of the Senate's ten most effective members. In his first term, he was asked to serve on the Church Committee that investigated intelligence activities and led to the formation of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the creation of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) Court. Huddleston was reappointed to the Intelligence Committee in every Congress in which he served. During that period, he authored legislation giving Congress statutory oversight authority of the nation's intelligence efforts. He also served as Vice Chair of the Select Committee on Undercover Activities. Huddleston became a member of the Appropriations Committee in 1975, serving on the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee which oversaw virtually all military spending including major weapon systems. See also the oral history interviews with Walter D. Huddleston in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History.
  • . Morton, a Republican, served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947-1953. He was appointed Assistant Secretary of State in 1953 and served until 1956. In 1957 he was elected to the U.S. Senate and served until 1969. He was Chairman of the Republican National Committee during the presidential election of 1960. The collection consists of correspondence, photographs, political cartoons, and legislative files. He was serving in the Senate during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, and the Vietnam War. Also see the Thruston B. Morton Oral History Project in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History at the University of Kentucky Libraries.
  • . Reed was Solicitor General of the U.S. from 1935-1938, and an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1938-1957. The collection consists of correspondence, memo files, docket books, opinion files, a special master file, published cases, photographs, and memorabilia. He was on the Court during the trials of Alger Hiss from 1949-1950 and Ethel and Julius Rosenberg in 1951 on espionage charges. See also the Stanley F. Reed Oral History Project in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History in the University of Kentucky Libraries.
  • . Vinson served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1925-1929, and again from 1931-1938. He was appointed Secretary of the Treasury in 1945 and served until 1946 when he was appointed Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. This primary source material consists of correspondence, photographs, court decisions, agency reports, government documents, press releases, statistics, executive orders, and memorabilia. He served until 1953. Vinson was Chief Justice during the Alger Hiss trials from 1949-1950 and the trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg in 1951 on espionage charges. See also the Fred M. Vinson Oral History Project in the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History in the University of Kentucky Libraries.