The Audio-Visual Archives began in 1974 when it became clear that audio-visual materials throughout Special Collections needed special attention and had special value. As the audio-visual archives grew, Terry Birdwhistell traveled state wide to advocate the archiving of local radio and television news materials. Through a 1978 NEH grant, an effort was made to locate, separate, describe and microfilm photographs from the manuscript collections. In 1985, a staff position was established to address the specific needs of all audio-visual materials. The Audio-Visual Archives contains one of the largest, university based collections of archival film, video and audio recordings in the United States. Major sections of the Audio-Visual Archives include university generated educational and public affairs programming, as well as athletic film and video; the state's only broadcasting archive consisting of extensive collections of local television and radio programming; and the works of Kentucky-related independent film makers. The collection also includes over 2 million still photographic images.